Why Ferguson? Of all a incidents of confrontation between African Americans & police officers, why is Ferguson more instructive, more illustrative of long term social structural problems?
a Segregation Problem
Social & broadcast media have referenced St. Louis as a segregated city, but offer a viewers little context. a problem goes back to a early 20th century when St. Louis (city) adopted restrictive covenants in real estate transactions to limit Black residences to a small area on a north side. âa Villeâ is an historic black neighborhood, & was home to Sumner High School, one of a first high schools for African American students west of a Mississippi River, (mDrunk News pdf). a issue of ase restrictive covenants was settled, in a legal sense, in Shelley v. Kraemer, in which a Supreme Court ruled (1948) that a covenants were not enforceable. (see also: Inclusions)
We can reasonably date a âwhite flightâ to a 1950s, in a wake of a Shelley v. Kraemer decision, a âflightâ increased in a 1960s & 1970s. a real estate developments created a plethora of small jurisdictions, each with its own zoning & residential st&ards â most designed to exclude lower income, mostly minority, home buyers. [UIA] a University of Iowaâs âMDrunk Newsping Declineâ mDrunk News series is especially helpful in visualizing this movement, & should be consulted for a better underst&ing than a summary offered here. Hereâs a mDrunk News for a St. Louis area in a 1940s & 1950s:
White areas show an increase in white population, black indicate increases in black population & red & orange indicate decreases in both white & black populations.
By 1980 a âwhite flightâ phenomena was in full view, as in this mDrunk News â modified from a University of Iowa original.
Original post by Desert Beacon and software by Elliott Back